Разработка темы HEALTH (здоровье)

[toggle title=»Essential Phrases»]

In the pharmacy

 

  1. Is there a pharmacy in the hotel? В отеле есть лекарство?
  2. Where is the nearest drugstore? Где ближайшая аптека?
  3. Please give me something for a cough. Дайте мне, пожалуйста, что-нибудь от кашля. (a cold, a headache, an upset stomach)
  4. How should this medicine be taken? Как принимать это лекарство?
  5. On an empty stomach? Натощак?
  6. After the meal? После еды?
  7. What is the prescribed doze? В каких дозах?
  8. How many times a day should this medicine be taken? Сколько раз в день следует принимать это лекарство?
  9. Please give me a bandage. Пожалуйста, дайте мне бинт. (some cotton wool, a plaster, a thermometer)

 

Calling a doctor

 

  1. Im not well. Мне не здоровится
  2. I’m ill. Я болен.
  3. Please call a doctor (an ambulance). Вызовите, пожалуйста, врача (скорую помощь).
  4. Please give me the doctor’s phone number. Пожалуйста, дайте мне телефонный номер врача.
  5. May I see a general practitioner? (терапевт) (a dentist) Можно мне видеть терапевта?
  6. I have a cold. У меня простуда.
  7. I have a cough (a temperature, a head cold-насморк, a boil (нарыв), food poisoning (пищевое отравление), a stomach upset (расстройство желудка), a swelling (опухоль). У меня кашель.
  8. I’m having a heart attack. У меня сердечный приступ.
  9. My heart is bothering. У меня болит сердце.
  10. My throat is sore. У меня болит горло.
  11. My stomach aches. У меня болит желудок.
  12. My head aches. У меня головные боли.
  13. My leg hurts. У меня болит нога.
  14. My arm aches. У меня болит рука.
  15. I am allergic to odors. У меня аллергия на запахи. (pollen-цветение, some medicines-медикаменты)
  16. I am sick to my stomach. Меня тошнит.
  17. I have chills. Меня знобит.
  18. I’ve broken my leg (arm). Я сломал ногу (руку).
  19. I’ve hurt-я поранил
  20. I banged my knee. Я ушиб колено. (shoulder, chest, back)
  21. What is wrong with me, doctor? Что со мной, доктор?
  22. Is it dangerous? Это опасно?
  23. Must I stay in bed? Должен ли я оставаться в постели?
  24. What medicines do you recommend? Какое лекарство вы мне посоветуете?
  25. How long will I be in hospital? Сколько времени я пробуду в больнице?
  26. How much do I pay? Сколько мне заплатить?

 

At the dentist’s

 

  1. I have tooth ache. У меня болит зуб. (a swollen gum-опухла десна; a broken tooth-сломался зуб)
  2. A filling has come out. Пломба выпала.
  3. A crown has broken. Сломалась коронка.
  4. Please do something for the pain. Пожалуйста, успокойте боль.

 

 

Conversational questions

  • Are you a member of a health spa/gym?
  • Are you afraid of needles?
  • Are you healthy?
  • Are your parents healthy?
  • Do think that you need to lose weight?
  • Do you always eat healthy food? (Is your diet healthy?)
  • Do you bruise easily?
  • Do you catch a cold more than once a year?
  • Do you consider alcohol a drug?
  • Do you drink a lot?
  • Do you eat a lot of vegetalbes?
  • Do you eat lots of fruit?
  • Do you eat vegetables every day?
  • Do you ever get headaches? Do you know anyone who suffers from migraine headaches?
  • Do you ever read magazines or news articles about health? If yes, what subject(s) do you find the most interesting?
  • Do you exercise?
    • What kind of exercise do you do?
    • How often do you exercise?
  • Do you go for regular medical check-ups?
  • Do you go to the dentist’s twice a year?
  • Do you have a lot of stress?
  • Do you have any allergies?
  • Do you have any scars?
  • Do you know anyone who suffers from backaches?
  • Do you know anyone with false teeth?
  • Do you smoke?
    • If so, do you smoke more than two cigarettes a day?
    • Do you think smoking is not bad for your health?
  • Do you take medicine when you are sick?
  • Do you take vitamins or mineral supplements?
  • Do you take vitamins?
  • Do you think it is unhealthy to keep a cat in your home?
  • Do you think pets are good for a person’s health
  • Do you think that the tobacco companies should be held reasonably responsible for a person’s addiction to nicotine?
  • Do you think you are overweight?
  • Do you think you will live until a ripe old age? Why or why not?
  • Do you think you would be a good surgeon? Why or why not?
  • Do you use an alarm clock to wake up?
  • Do you usually get enough sleep?
  • Do you watch your weight? What foods do you think are healthy?
  • Have you ever been hospitalized?
    • (Have you ever been in the hospital?)
  • Have you ever been to an acupuncturist? What do you think of acupuncture?
  • Have you ever broken a bone?
  • Have you ever burned yourself with hot water?
  • Have you ever donated blood?
  • Have you ever gotten a black eye?
  • Have you ever had braces on your teeth?
  • Have you ever had stitches?
  • Have you ever sprained your ankle?
  • Have you ever taken a sleeping pill to get to sleep?
  • How can you reduce stress in your life?
  • How have you been feeling lately?
  • How many hours of sleep do you get a night?
  • How many hours of sleep do you usually get?
  • How often do you eat junk food?
    • What kinds of junk food do you eat?
  • How often do you exercise?
  • How often do you get a cold?
    • (How often do you catch a cold?)
  • How often do you get sick in one year?
  • How often do you go to the doctor’s?
  • How often is garbage collected in your neighborhood?
  • How would you recommend treating a cold?
  • If a company sells the public a product they know to be harmful or addictive, should they be held responsible for the use of that product even if the government approves it?
  • If you smoke, how old were you when you started smoking?
  • If you were President of Korea, what would you do to improve Koreans’ health?
  • What are some things people can do to keep healthy?
  • What are some things that cause stress?
  • What are some ways to deal with stress?
  • What are some ways you know that you can personally keep yourself healthy?
  • What disease frightens you the most? Why?
  • What do you do to stay healthy?
    • (What are some things you do to keep healthy?)
  • What do you do, if you can’t get to sleep?
  • What do you think about abortion? Why do some people support it and others are against it?
  • What do you think about getting old?
  • What do you think is the most serious health problem in Korea?
  • What do you think of cosmetic surgery? Do you know anyone who has had cosmetic surgery? Would you ever consider having cosmetic surgery?
  • What drinks to you think are healthy? What drinks do you think are unhealthy?
  • What foods to you think are healthy? What foods do you think are unhealthy?
  • What is the best way to find a doctor, if you’re new in the area?
  • What is the best way to stop smoking?
  • What is the most horrible accident you have ever had?
  • What kind of pollution is the most risky?
  • What time did you go to bed when you were a child?
  • What’s the best way to stop smoking?
  • What’s the highest temperature you’ve ever had?
  • What’s your blood type?
  • When did you last take a bath?
  • When was the last time you went to a dentist?
  • When was the last time you went to a doctor?
  • When was the last time you went to a hospital?
  • When was the last time you were sick?
  • When you were in high school, how many days of school did you miss each year because of sickness?
  • Who do you think is responsible for the care of your health—you yourself, your parents, or your doctor and medical people?
  • Who is the healthiest person in your family? Who is the least healthy?
  • Why do people smoke?
  • Would you consider donating your organs after your death?

 

[/toggle]

 

[toggle title=»Training texts»]

Love to life

 

Fill out the blanks with the following verbs in the correct form

 

1) be  2) break  3) call  4) fall  5)find  6) hit  7) leave  8)lie  9) look  10) find  11) get  12) hear  13) know  14) see  15) start  16) come  17) get  18) know  19)learn 20) swim  21) take

 

On Christmas Eve 1971 Juliana Koepke, a seventeen-year-old girl, _____ Lima by air with her mother. They _____ on their way to Pucallpa, another town in Peru, to spend Christmas with Juliana’s father. Forty-five minutes later the plane _____ up in a storm, and Juliana _____ 3,000 metres, strapped in her seat. She was not killed when the seat _____ the ground (perhaps because trees broke her fall), but she _____ all night unconscious.

The next morning Juliana _____ for pieces of the plane, and _____ for her mother. Nobody answered, and she _____ nothing except a small plastic bag of sweets.

Juliana’s collar bone was broken, one knee was badly hurt and she had deep cuts on her arms and legs. She had no shoes; her glasses were broken (so she could not _____ snakes or spiders, for example); and she was wearing only a very short dress, which was badly torn. But she decided to try to _____ out of the jungle, because she _____ that if she stayed there she would die.

So Juliana _____ to walk. She did not _____ anything to eat, and as the days went by she got weaker and weaker. She was also in bad trouble from insect bites. She _____ helicopters, but could not see them above the trees, and of course they could not see her. One day she _____ three seats and _____ that they had dead bodies in them, but she did not recognize the people.

After four days she _____ to a river. She saw caimans and piranhas, but she _____ that they do not usually attack people. So Juliana walked and _____ down the river for another five days. At last she _____ to a hut. Nobody was there, but the next afternoon, four men arrived. They _____ her to a doctor in the next village.

Juliana _____ afterwards that there were at least three other people who were not killed in the crash. But she was the only one who _____ out of the jungle. It took her ten days.

 

Skin trouble

 

Mrs. Black was having a lot of trouble with her _____, so she went to her doctor about it. He could not find anything _____ with her, however, so he sent her to the local hospital for some test. The hospital, of course, sent the _____ of the tests direct to Mrs. Black’s doctor, and the next morning he _____ her to give her a list of the things that he thought she _____ not eat, as any of them might be the cause of her skin trouble.

Mrs. Black _____ wrote all the things down on a piece of paper, which she then left beside the _____ while she went out to a ladies’ meeting.

When she got _____ home two hours later, she found her husband waiting for her. He had a big basket full of _____ beside him, and when he saw her, he said, “Hallo, dear. I have done all your shopping for you.”

“Done all my shopping?” she asked in _____. “But how did you know what I wanted?”

“Well, when I got home, I found your _____ list beside the telephone,” answered her husband, “so I went down to the shops and bought everything you had _____ down.”

Of course, Mrs. Black had to tell him that he had _____ all the things the doctor did not allow her _____!

 

 

  1. written
  2. skin
  3. bought
  4. wrong
  5. carefully
  6. telephone
  7. to eat
  8. surprise
  9. should
  10. telephoned
  11. shopping
  12. results
  13. back
  14. packages


 

 

 

 

 

What Makes Us Hungry?

 

When we need food, our body begins to crave for it. But how do we know that we are feeling “hunger”? How does our mind get the message and make us feel “hungry”?

Hunger has nothing to do with an empty stomach, as most people believe. A baby is born with an empty stomach, yet it doesn’t feel hungry for several days. People who are sick or feverish often have empty stomachs without feeling hungry.

Hunger begins when certain nutritive materials are missing in the blood. When the blood vessels lack these materials, a message is sent to a part of the brain that is called the “ hunger center”. This hunger center work like a brake on the stomach and the intestine. As long as the blood has sufficient food, the hunger center slows up the action of the stomach and the intestine. When the food is missing from the blood, the hunger center makes the stomach and intestine more active. That’s why a hungry person often hears his stomach “ rumbling”.

When we are hungry, our body doesn’t crave any special kind of food, it just wants nourishment. But our appetite sees to it that we don’t satisfy our hunger with just one food, which would be unhealthy. For instance, it would be hard for us to take in a certain amount of nourishment all in the form of potatoes. But if we eat soup until we’ve had enough, then meat and vegetables until we’ve had enough, then dessert until we’ve had enough, we can take in the same quantity of food and enjoy it!

How long can we live without food? That depends on the individual. A very calm person can live longer without food than an excitable one because the protein stored up in his body is used up more slowly.

 

Take it easy

Don’t worry!

     Take it easy!

         Cheer up!

             Where there is a will, there is a way!

 

 We say all these things to balance our emotions and gain strength. But it is not as easy as it seems. So, what’s the answer? We cannot go and live on a desert island. There are lots of things we can do of course. We can take more exercises. We can eat less, smoke less, we can have a well-organized rest.

But perhaps the most important thing we can do is to learn to relax. Stress grows very slowly. It is made up of all the little things that make us tense, day after day, year after year. Every time we relax, every time we put our feet up, every time we have a cup of tea and a chat with an old friend we take away some of the tension, that causes stress.

Americans worry about relaxing. They take classes to learn how to relax. They read books that tell them how to “take it easy”. Relaxing is a multi-dollar industry in the USA. So, why not master this skill and do it on your own (without paying much money)?

But before you start think of what doctors say nowadays, “Too much relaxation is bad for you too.”

 

Which Number Do You Call?

 

If an Englishman says that he is ill, he means that he has an illness, or is unwell. If he says that he is sick, he means that he feels so terrible that he can vomit.

If a person is absent from work because off illness, he is said to be on sickleave.

The damp English climate can lead to a catching a cold or a sore throat.

People consult doctors if they have a cough, a temperature, a headache or insomnia. The doctor usually examines the patient and prescribes some treatment, pills, tablets or some other medicine, which we can buy at the chemist’s.

In emergencies people in Great Britain call police, fire or ambulance on 999. Which number do you call in your home town if you are in trouble or need specialized information?

 

 

 

 


Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment

Nathaniel Hawthorne

 

Dr. Heidegger’s laboratory was dimly lighted and covered with dust and cobwebs. In one dark corner stood a skeleton in a tall, narrow closet. The people of the town told strange stories about it. The walls were lined with bookcases full of mysterious-looking volumes. Between two of the bookcases was a mirror in a carved frame. It was said that sometimes scary faces could be seen looking out of the mirror.

To this room on a winter’s evening, Dr. Heidegger invited four of his friends. They were all sad, old creatures, who seemed to be waiting to die.

Mr. Meddlar, a businessman, had spent his life cheating and grabbing all the money he could. Colonel Killegrew was born rich and never had to work. He wasted his life eating and drinking too much, so that now he was sick all the time. Mr. Gasoon used to be in politics. His idea of public service was to make the public serve him. Decent people would cross the street to avoid meeting him.

The only woman in the laboratory that night was Mrs. Widdows. She had once been very beautiful but had a bad reputation. All of the three guests and many other men besides had once been in love with her.

“My dear friends,” said Dr. Heidegger when they were gathered together, “I’ve asked you here tonight to help me with a little experiment.” He pointed to a beautiful crystal jar and four wine glasses on a table. The jar held a clear, sparkling liquid.

His guests looked worried. Fifty years ago the girl Dr. Heidegger was going to marry died. There was a rumor that Dr. Heidegger had given her the wrong medicine. They didn’t mind coming to his house to look through his microscope or some other nonsense, but they certainly didn’t want to drink anything from his laboratory.

Dr. Heidegger crossed the room, opened one of the books, and returned with a rose, or what once was a rose, though now it looked ready to crumble to dust in his hands.

“Fifty-five years ago this rose was given to me by the girl I wanted to marry. For fifty-five years I have treasured it between the pages of that old book. Do you think that it is possible for it to bloom again?”

No, they did not think that it was possible.

“Watch,” said Heideger. Than he sprinkled a few drops from the water jar over the rose. At first nothing happened. Then – it seemed amazing – the crushed and dried petals seemed to puff out and turn red. The stem and leaves became green. The rose that was fifty-five years old looked as if it had been picked from the garden a minute ago.

“That’s a good trick,” Colonel Killegrew said, “but what part do we play in your experiment?”

“It’s no trick,” Dr. Heidegger said. “Did you ever hear of the Fountain of Youth? This is magic water sent me by a friend. He swears that it is the last water from the Fountain of Youth. A year ago he discovered it, and six months ago the fountain dried up.”

“Well,” said Colonel Killegrew, “what effect does it have on human beings?”

“You shall soon judge for yourselves,” replied Dr. Heidegger as he filled the four wine glasses. “But before you drink, you had better think about the kind of lives you have led and make some resolutions about not making the some mistakes again.”

Everybody laughed. Of course, if they had their lives to live over, they would be better people. They all agreed to that. They would not be so foolish the second time around.

“Drink, then,” said Dr. Heidegger, “and enjoy a second life.”

With their wrinkled hands they raised the glasses to their lips. Almost immediately there was a change. Just as the dried-up rose had grown fresh, the years rolled back from those four withered people.

“Give us more of this wonderful water!” they cried. “We are younger, but we are still too old! Quick, give us more.”

Once again the doctor filled the glasses.

“Mrs. Widdow,” said Mr. Meddlar, “you are really beautiful again. If I did not have to get about my business of stealing – er, I mean collecting – money from the poor, I would ask you at once to marry me.”

“Yes, indeed,” said Colonel Killegrew. “Mrs. Widdows, you are even more beautiful than before. I’m going to give the biggest party this town has ever seen. After all the feasting and drinking over, I’m going to ask you to be my wife.”

“No,” said Mr. Gascon. “I’m going to run for mayor. When Mrs. Widdow sees how rich and powerful I will be when the town has to give me anything I want, I’m sure that she will marry me.”

Mrs. Widdow loved getting so many compliments. She didn’t really want to marry any one of them. She was thinking about how many parties and dances she would go to. She was wondering how many new men would fall in love with her now that she was young again.

“We are young! We are young!” they cried, and began to dance around the room.

“Doctor, you wonderful man,” giggled Mrs. Widdows, “get up and dance with me.”

“Excuse me,” said Dr. Heidegger, “but I am old. I haven’t tasted the magic water, and my bones ache.”

“Dance with me, Mrs. Widdows,” cried Colonel Killegrew.

“No, no. I will be her partner,” shouted Mr. Gascon.

“No, you won’t. She promised to marry me fifty years ago,” said Mr. Meddler.

They all gathered around her. They began to pull the poor woman this way and that. As they struggled, the table was turned over, and the water jar broke into a thousand pieces. What did it matter, if the jar broke? What did it matter if they acted like silly children?

Dr. Headegger noticed it first. “Look,” he said sadly, “the rose has begun to fade.

Sure enough, even as they turned to look, the flower shriveled up until it became as dry and fragile as when the doctor started his experiment. His guests shivered. Would it also happen to them? With the water jar broken, they could never become young again. A chill came over their bones. In minutes they were again – grey haired, wrinkled, and full of aches and pains.

“Are we grown old again, so soon?” they moaned.

“Yes, friends,” said Dr. Heidegger, “the water of youth is gone, but I do not regret it. I was ready to give you back your youth again, because I thought you would know how to lead better lives. But all your mistakes have taught you nothing. You have learned nothing by growing old. You are old, but you are foolish.”

But his four friends did not hear him. They were already putting their money together. They were planning a trip to look another Fountain of Youth.

 

  1. The Main Idea.

 

Write the letter of the answer that best completes the following statement:

 

The author of this story seems to think that ______

 

  1. old people act foolishly
  2. scientific experiments can be dangerous
  3. the world would be a better place if people could stay young
  4. people don’t learn from their mistakes

 

  1. Getting the Facts

 

Write the letter of the answer that best completes each of the following statements. You may look back at the story, if you wish.

 

  1. Heidegger invited ______ guests to his laboratory.

 

  1. two b. three c. four                         d. five

 

  1. Meddlar spent his life as a ______.

 

  1. businessman b. politician c. doctor                      d. lawyer

 

  1. The magic water was ______.

 

  1. discovered by Dr. Heidegger
  2. sent to Dr. Heidegger by a friend
  3. mixed by Dr. Heidegger from a secret formula
  4. really a kind of wine

 

 

  1. Heidegger kept the magic water in a ______.

 

  1. wine bottle b. pitcher c. medicine bottle        d. crystal jar

 

  1. The girl that Dr. Heidegger was going to marry ______.

 

  1. finally married another man
  2. was Mrs. Widdows
  3. became a famous actress
  4. died

 

  1. Before Dr. Heidegger gave the magic water to his guests, he tried it out ______.

 

  1. laboratory animals b. a rose c. a lily              d. his servant

 

  1. During the story Dr. Heidegger refused to ______.

 

  1. tell where the magic water came from
  2. turn on bright lights
  3. dance with Mrs. Widdows
  4. experiment with his microscope

 

Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary.

 

Effective treatment

 

_____ patient was once complaining to _____ doctor that as _____ result of _____ nervous strain he had grown quite indifferent to everything around him.

“_____ Doctor,” he said, “I would very much appreciate it if you could prescribe _____ medicine that would shake me, something that would put _____ new strength into me, _____ will to live, _____ desire to argue! Is there anything like that in _____prescriptions?”

“No,” _____ doctor replied calmly, “but you’ll find it in _____ bill”.

 

An Urgent Call

 

At about two o’clock on _____ cold winter morning, _____ doctor drove seven miles in answer to _____ telephone call. When he reached _____ place, _____ man who had called him in said:

“_____ Doctor, I must have strained myself. I haven’t got _____sore throat, I’m not running _____ temperature, but I’m suffering from _____ terrible feeling that _____ death is near.”

“_____ doctor felt _____ man’s pulse, examined him and took his temperature.

“Have you made your will?” he asked at last.

“Why no, doctor,” _____ man looked frightened. “Oh, doctor, it can’t be true, can it? You must prescribe _____ medicine for me.”

“Have you got any children? Send for them at once. Your father, too, should be called, your…”

“I say, doctor, do you really think I’m going to die?”

_____ doctor looked at him carefully.

“No, I don’t”, he replied. “You are as fit as anything. But I hate to be _____ only man you’ve made a fool of on _____ night like this.”

 

 

 

Misunderstanding

 

Nine years ago when we were in London, a report was sent to the American journals that I was dying. I was not the one. It was another Clemens, a cousin of mine. The London reporters began to come in, to ask about my health. There was nothing the matter with me and they were rather surprised and upset to find me in my room reading and smoking. One of these men was an Irishman who did his best to look glad told me that his paper, The Evening Sun, had sent him a telegram, asking if it was true that I was dead. I said: “Say the report is exaggerated.” He never smiled but went away and sent the telegram in those very words. The phrase has gone all over the world.

  1. What is the pseudonym of the writer known all over the world?
  2. Why was the report about the writer’s death sent?

 

Riding the cycle of Stress and Smoke.

 

Cigarettes help smokers to relax. The study, published in the October issue of American Psychologist, examined one of tobacco’s central paradoxes: smokers say that lightning up provides a sense of relief and well-being, but as a group, they hardly seem that relaxed.

The new study, conducted by Dr. Andy Parrott, a psychologist, found that adult smokers report higher levels of stress between cigarettes, that teen-agers report increased tension as they move from experimental to regular smoking and that former smokers report lower or similar stress levels than current smokers.

Dr. Parrott conceded that one explanation could be that people with higher levels of stress are drawn to smoking.

But more likely, he said, smokers are suffering the whipsaw effect of addiction.

“ The regular smoker needs nicotine to maintain normal moods,” Dr. Parrott wrote, “ and suffers from unpleasant feelings of irritability and tension between cigarettes when his or her plasma nicotine levels are falling.”

He suggested that pointing out the link between nicotine and stress could be useful in helping smokers face the undeniable stress of quitting.

By John O’Neil

Questions for discussion

  1. Why do people smoke cigarettes?
  2. Why do people start smoking cigarettes?
  3. Why do people smoke when they know that it is damaging to their health?
  4. What types of physical damage can smoking cigarettes cause?
  5. What social, political, and economic factors may cause fluctuations in the number of people who smoke cigarettes from year to year?
  6. What is smoking cessation, and what different methods are available?
  7. How might the race, gender, and economic backgrounds of children and adults affect whether or not they smoke?
  8. What responsibilities, if any, do you feel the media has to children to present the dangers of smoking?
  9. How do cigarette advertisements present smoking, and what roles do these ads play in encouraging people to smoke?

[/toggle]

 

[toggle title=»Vocabulary»]

External body parts

  1. a head-голова
  2. hair-волосы
  3. an eye-глаз
  4. an ear-ухо
  5. a cheek-щека
  6. a nose-нос
  7. a chin-подбородок
  8. a tooth(teeth)-зуб(зубы)
  9. a mouth-рот
  10. a lip-губа
  11. an eyebrow-бровь
  12. an eyelid-веко
  13. an eyelash-ресница
  14. an eye-socket-глазница
  15. a forehead-лоб
  16. a back of the head-затылок
  17. a hand-рука(кисть)
  18. an arm-рука
  19. a finger-палец(руки)
  20. a nail-ноготь
  21. a palm-ладонь
  22. a shoulder-плечо
  23. a clavicle = a collar bone-ключица
  24. a leg-нога
  25. a foot(feet)-ступня
  26. a back-спина
  27. a neck-шея
  28. a toe-палец(ноги)
  29. a knee-колено
  30. a calf-икра ноги
  31. an ankle-лодыжка
  32. buttocks-ягодицы
  33. a waist-поясница, талия
  34. a chest = a breast-грудь
  35. a cheek-bone-скула
  36. a body-тело
  37. a tongue-язык
  38. a wrist-запястье
  39. an elbow-локоть
  40. an eyeball-глазное яблоко
  41. skin-кожа
  42. a pupil-зрачек
  43. physique-телосложение
  44. a nostril-ноздря
  45. a face-лицо
  46. a thigh-бедро
  47. a muscle-мышца
  48. ribs-ребра
  49. a shoulder-blade = scapula-лопатка
  50. a side-бок
  51. an arm-pit-подмышка
  52. a back of the hand-тыльная сторона руки
  53. a backbone, a spinal column-позвоночник
  54. a skeleton-скелет
  55. a skull-череп
  56. a bone-кость
  57. a scalp-скальп
  58. a pore-пора
  59. a joint-сустав

 

Internal body parts.

  1. a heart-сердце
  2. a stomach-желудок
  3. a throat-горло
  4. a liver-печень
  5. bowels-кишечник
  6. a gut, an intestine-кишка
  7. a nervous system-нервная система
  8. a nerve-нерв
  9. a nerve cell-нервная клетка
  10. lungs-легкие
  11. a kidney-почка
  12. a bladder-мочевой пузырь
  13. a brain-мозг
  14. a vein-вена
  15. an abdomen-брюшная полость
  16. a midriff-диафрагма
  17. blood-кровь
  18. an artery-артерия
  19. an optic nerve-глазной нерв
  20. a belly-живот
  21. a larynx-горань
  22. an appendix-аппендикс
  23. internal organs-внутренние органы
  24. an aorta-аорта
  25. a ventricle-желудочек (сердца)

 

Medical specialists

  1. a doctor-врач
  2. a nurse-медицинская сестра
  3. a receptionist-регистратор, дежурный
  4. a surgeon-хирург
  5. a dentist-дантист
  6. a therapist-терапевт
  7. an optician-глазной врач
  8. a pharmacist-фармацевт
  9. an ambulance man-санитар
  10. a maternity nurse = an obstetrician-акушерка
  11. a physicianврач (с хирургической практикой)
  12. an oculist-окулист
  13. personnel-персонал
  14. a cardiologist-кардиолог
  15. an ear, nose and throat specialist-врач ухо, горло, нос.
  16. a pediatrician-педиатр
  17. a psychiatrist-психиатр
  18. psychologist-психолог
  19. a druggist-аптекарь
  20. a dermatologist-дерматолог
  21. a radiologist-рентгенолог
  22. a gynecologist-гинеколог

 

Medical instruments

  1. a scalpel-скальпель
  2. to scalp-скальпировать
  3. a syringe-шприц
  4. a capsule-капсула
  5. a thermometer-термометр
  6. Fahrenheit thermometer-термометр по Фаренгейту
  7. Centigrade thermometer-термометр по Цельсию
  8. Breathalyser-алкометр, алкогольно-респираторная трубка
  9. a needle-игла
  10. a tourniquet-медицинский жгут
  11. microscope-микроскоп
  12. a stretcher-носилки
  13. a stomach-pump = a stomach-tube-желудочный зонд
  14. a stethoscope-стетоскоп
  15. forceps-хирургические ножницы

 

Diseases

  1. flu = influenza = grippe-грипп
  2. cold-простуда
  3. heart trouble-болезнь сердца
  4. headache-головная боль
  5. toothache-зубная боль
  6. stomachache-боль в желудке
  7. fever-лихорадка
  8. typhoid fever-брюшной тиф
  9. rheumatic fever-ревматизм
  10. scarlet fever-скарлатина
  11. liver complaint-болезнь печени
  12. pneumonia-пневмония
  13. epidemic-эпидемия
  14. cholera-холера
  15. diphtheria-дифтерия
  16. appendicitis-аппендицит
  17. asthma-астма
  18. indigestion-диспепсия, несварение
  19. insomnia-бессонница
  20. nephritis-нефрит, воспаление почек
  21. sleeping sickness-сонная болезнь
  22. sickness— морская болезнь, тошнота
  23. radiation sickness-лучевая болезнь
  24. falling sickness-падучая болезнь
  25. earache-ушная боль
  26. backache-боль в спине
  27. chicken pox-ветрянка
  28. small pox-оспа
  29. a catching disease-заразная болезнь
  30. a tuberculosis(t.b.)-туберкулез
  31. itch-чесотка, зуд
  32. malaria-малярия
  33. tonsillitis-тонзиллит, воспаление миндалин
  34. measles-корь
  35. German measles-краснуха
  36. mumps-свинка
  37. angina = sore throat-ангина
  38. anaemia-малокровие, анемия
  39. anoxia-кислородное голодание
  40. brain fever-воспаление мозга
  41. heartburn-изжога
  42. diarrhea-диарея, понос
  43. bronchitis-бронхит
  44. laryngitis-ларингит, воспаление гортани
  45. concussion of brains-сотрясение мозга
  46. cancer-рак
  47. AIDS(acquired immune deficiency syndrome)-СПИД
  48. food poisoning-пищевое отравление
  49. jaundice-желтуха
  50. yellow fever-желтая лихорадка
  51. seborrhea-себорея
  52. fungi-грибок
  53. mental disease-психическая болезнь
  54. a virus disease-вирусное заболевание
  55. summer cholera-дизентерия
  56. amnesia-амнезия
  57. a stomach upset-расстройство желудка
  58. skin disease-кожная болезнь
  59. chest trouble-хроническая болезнь легких
  60. chest cold = cold in the chest-простуда
  61. heart failure-разрыв сердца
  62. blood poisoning-заражение крови
  63. typhus-сыпной тиф

 

Medicine remedy

  1. a filling-пломба
  2. glasses-очки
  3. a plaster-bandage-гипсовая повязка
  4. a bandage, a band-повязка
  5. a blister-вытяжной пластырь
  6. a pill = a tablet-таблетка
  7. drug-лекарство; наркотик
  8. ointment-мазь
  9. drops-капли
  10. a dropper-пипетка
  11. a plaster-гипс
  12. Band-Aid-лейкопластырь

 

Disease symptoms

  1. throeсудорога, спазм
  2. cough-кашель
  3. sneeze-чихание
  4. vomiting-рвота
  5. to vomit-тошнить, рвать
  6. to shiver = to tremble-дрожать
  7. to feel lightheaded-чувствовать головокружение
  8. to throb-сильно биться, стучать
  9. to be short of breath-задыхаться
  10. to have a nervous breakdown-иметь нервное расстройство
  11. to swell(swelled, swelled / swollen)-пухнуть, распухать
  12. swollen-распухший
  13. to itch-чесаться
  14. itchy-зудящий, вызывающий зуд
  15. to fade(о сыпе напр.)-блёкнуть, постепенно исчезать, ослабевать
  16. premonitory symptoms-предостерегающие симптомы
  17. to faint away-терять сознание
  18. fatigue-утомление, усталость
  19. constipation-запор

 

Miscellany

  1. a fey-ясновидящий
  2. sightless = blind-слепой (человек)
  3. mad = a madman-сумасшедший, бешеный
  4. sighted-зрячий (человек)
  5. insomniac-страдающий бессонницей
  6. a nose- (сленг) — осведомитель
  7. big noses-заправилы
  8. a brainsickпсихически больной человек
  9. a fast liver-прожигатель жизни
  10. a human, a human being-человек
  11. the human race-род людской
  12. a hearty-здоровяк, крепыш
  13. a sort-горький пьяница
  14. a healer-исцелитель
  15. an ambulant patient = an out-patient-амбулаторный больной
  16. an in-patient-стационарный больной
  17. an AIDS sufferer-больной СПИДом
  18. amnesiac-страдающий амнезией

 

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